Suicide is a huge but largely preventable problem.
The approach most likely to produce significant and sustained reductions in suicide is the public health approach. The public health approach to suicide prevention focuses on identifying broader patterns of suicide and suicidal behavior throughout a group or population. This is in contrast to the clinical approach that explores the history and health conditions leading to suicide in the individual.
The public health approach to suicide prevention is a five-step process. Click on the boxes in the figure below to learn more about each step.
Interventions to promote emotional health and prevent mental health problems should be chosen in the context of a strategic thinking and planning process. Taking the time to define the problem that needs to be addressed and clearly define goals will help to maximize success. Whenever possible, communities should base their interventions on evidence-based research and best practices. The model below provides guidelines for planning successful interventions using a public health approach.
Other key ingredients
Despite how comprehensive it is, a strategic prevention planning process cannot ensure success on its own. A number of other key ingredients described in the Legacy Wheel are essential for successful suicide prevention initiatives:
The goal of SPRC is to prevent suicides and suicide attempts. Things you can do to help:
Connect with national suicide prevention organizations.
Learn more about national organizations involved in suicide prevention.
Read the resources in the SPRC Online Library.
The SPRC Online Library contains a section called Suicide Prevention 101, which is a great place to start if you are new to suicide prevention.