The Patient Safety Screener: A Brief Tool to Detect Suicide Risk

Patient Safety Screener Tools

The Patient Safety Screener is designed to screen for non-negligible risk and provide initial stratification for those with non-negligible risk into mild, moderate, or high risk. It can be used as a single, 9-item instrument. In addition, first three items (the PSS-3) and the final 6 items (the ED-SAFE Secondary Screener, or ESS) can be used separately. For example, the PSS-3 alone can be used as a universal screening tool, or in targeted populations, such as those presenting with an emotional or behavioral health complaint. The ESS can be used as a secondary screening tool if another primary screening instrument that assesses ideation and behavior is positive.

Accompanying Materials

The following resources will help you administer both parts of Patient Safety Screener; plan for patients who screen positive; and implement screening sustainably and to a high standard. All resources are from the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMass Medical) except for the five SPRC resources relating to patient suicide care management plans mentioned in the video.

PSS-3

ESS

Training materials

 

This seven-minute video describes the first part of the Patient Safety Screener, the Patient Safety Screener (PSS-3), a tool for identifying patients in the acute care setting who may be at risk of suicide. The PSS-3 can be administered to all patients who come to the acute care setting, not just those presenting with psychiatric issues.

For those who are positive, the second part of the Patient Safety Screener, referred to as the ED-SAFE Secondary Screener, can be administered to guide suicide risk stratification.

Establishing Patient Suicide Care Management Plans

*Except for the list of SPRC resources relating to patient suicide care management plans mentioned in the video, these materials are derived from several projects involving a variety of collaborators and funders. These projects include the National Institute of Mental health-funded ED-SAFE (U01MH088278), ED-SAFE 2 (R01MH106726), and System of Safety (R01MH112138).

The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute of Mental Health or the National Institutes of Health.

For more information, contact Edwin Boudreaux.