Racial and Ethnic Groups

Suicide risk varies among different racial and ethnic groups. In the United States, suicide death rates are much higher among whites and American Indians/Alaska Natives than among other populations (see our Racial and Ethnic Disparities page).1 Suicidal thoughts and behaviors can vary across racial and ethnic groups, as well as within subgroups, such as people of different ages.

Risk and Protective Factors

Suicide prevention efforts seek to reduce risk factors for suicide and strengthen the factors that help strengthen individuals and protect them from suicide. Here are a few examples:

Risk factors

  • Prior suicide attempt(s)
  • Alcohol and drug abuse
  • Mood and anxiety disorders
  • Access to lethal means

Protective factors

  • Effective mental health care
  • Connectedness to individuals, family, community, and social institutions
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Contacts with caregivers

Reference

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). Fatal injury reports, national and regional, 1999–2014. Retrieved from http://webappa.cdc.gov/sasweb/ncipc/mortrate10_us.html

Learn More

  • See the Recommended Resources below selected by SPRC personnel.
  • See All Resources Related to Racial and Ethnic Groups for a full list of materials, programs, trainings, and other information available from SPRC. Use the filters on the left to narrow your results.
  • For more on other groups and settings, see our Populations and Settings pages.
Recommended Resources
This fact sheet presents information on suicide deaths, attempts, ideation, and risk and protective factors among American Indians/Alaska Natives.
This fact sheet presents information on suicide deaths, suicide attempts, suicidal ideation, and risk and protective factors.
This fact sheet presents information on suicide deaths, suicide attempts, suicidal ideation, and risk and protective factors among Blacks.
This fact sheet presents information on suicide deaths, suicide attempts, suicidal ideation, and risk and protective factors among Hispanics.
This fact sheet presents information on suicide deaths, suicide attempts, suicidal ideation, and risk and protective factors among Whites.
This chartbook presents estimates of mental health service use by adults aged 18 or older from different racial and ethnic groups.

All Resources Related to Racial and Ethnic Groups

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