Gatekeeper training for suicide prevention: A theoretical model and review of the empirical literature
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Based on a recommendation from an earlier RAND report on military suicide prevention, this report reviews the literature on gatekeeper models of suicide prevention to better understand what is known about the effectiveness of gatekeepers and gatekeeper training. The report presents a theoretical model describing how gatekeeper training may influence individual characteristics that may result in intervention behaviors. It then reviews the evidence supporting each relationship presented in this model, and concludes with recommendations for advancing research in this field.