Program to Encourage Active, Rewarding Lives (PEARLS)
See the NREPP Listing.
The Program to Encourage Active, Rewarding Lives (PEARLS), an intervention for adults and older adults with a depression or dysthymia diagnosis, aims to reduce symptoms of depression and suicidal ideation and improve quality of life.
Designed to empower clients through behavioral techniques, PEARLS consists of these primary components:
- Problem-solving treatment: Participants learn to understand the link between unsolved problems and depression and to apply a seven-step approach to solving their problems.
- Social and physical activation: Participants are encouraged to engage in social and physical activities that most interest them.
- Pleasant activity scheduling: Participants identify and participate in activities they find pleasurable.
PEARLS is delivered in six to eight 50-minute sessions by a trained health or social service professional (e.g., social worker, nurse, case manager) in the client's home or other community-based setting. Sessions are initially held weekly and become less frequent over a four- to five-month period. During sessions, clients choose the problems they would like to discuss, and the counselor guides, teaches, and supports the client in developing action plans that are to be implemented between sessions to address these problems.
Originally developed for older adults, PEARLS has been implemented with a variety of populations, including adults and older adults with chronic conditions, veterans and the spouses of veterans, older adults with minor depression or dysthymia who were receiving home-based social services, and individuals with epilepsy and depression who were receiving outpatient services.
Designation as a "Program with Evidence of Effectiveness"
SPRC designated this intervention as a “program with evidence of effectiveness” based on its inclusion in SAMHSA’s National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP).
Outcome(s) Reviewed (Overall Quality of Research Rating-scale of 0 to 4)*
1: Symptoms of depression (3.5)
2: Health-related quality of life (3.5)
3: Suicidal ideation (3.5)
Read more about this program’s ratings.
* NREPP changed its review criteria in 2015. This program is a “legacy program,” meaning that it was reviewed under the previous criteria. The evidence for each outcome was reviewed and scored on a scale of 0-4, with 4 indicating the highest quality of evidence and 0 indicating very poor quality of evidence. The overall rating was based on ratings of six criteria: (1) reliability of measures, (2) validity of measures, (3) intervention fidelity, (4) missing data and attrition, (5) potential confounding variables, and (6) appropriateness of analysis. Over time, all legacy programs will be re-reviewed using the current criteria. When considering programs, we recommend (a) assessing whether the specific outcomes achieved by the program are a fit for your needs; and (b) examining the strength of evidence for each outcome.