Asian, Native Hawaiian, and Other Pacific Islander Populations

People who are descended from the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent are referred to as Asian. People who are descended from any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands are referred to as Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander.1 However, most national suicide mortality data combine people of Asian, Native Hawaiian, and other Pacific Islander descent into one group that is usually called Asian or Pacific Islander, which is why combined data for deaths are presented here. The data on this web page do not include people of Hispanic ethnicity. In 2018, Asian groups made up an estimated 5.9% of the U.S. population, and Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander groups made up an estimated 0.2%.2


 

 Suicide Rates for Asian or Pacific Islander Populations, United States 2009-2018 

 

At 7.0 per 100,000, the age-adjusted suicide rate for Asian or Pacific Islander populations in 2018 was approximately half the overall U.S. suicide rate of 14.2 per 100,000.​3

 

 Suicide Rates for Asian or Pacific Islander Populations by Age, United States 2009-2018 

 

In Asian or Pacific Islander populations, suicide rates peak later in life (85+). This is a different pattern than is seen in the overall U.S. population, where suicide rates peak in midlife.​3

 

 Suicide Rates for Asian or Pacific Islander Populations by Sex, United States 2009-2018 

 

In Asian or Pacific Islander populations, the suicide death rate for men is more than double the rate for women. Among males, the suicide death rate for the overall U.S. population is more than double that of Asian or Pacific Islander populations.​3

 

 Past-Year Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors for Adults in Asian and Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander Populations, 2018 

 

When compared to the overall U.S. population, a lower percentage of Asian and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander adults report past-year serious thoughts of suicide, a past-year suicide plan, or a past-year suicide attempt.​4

 

 Past-Year Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors for High School Youth in Asian and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander Populations, 2017 

 

Among high school youth, a higher percentage of Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander youth report seriously considering attempting suicide or making a suicide plan in the past year than in the overall U.S. population. Percentages of past-year attempted suicides are lower for Asian youth than for the overall U.S. population.​5

 

References

  1. U.S. Census Bureau. (2018). About Race. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/topics/population/race/about.html
  2. U.S. Census Bureau. (2018). Quick facts. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/US/RHI225218
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics. (2020). 1999-2018 Wide Ranging Online Data for Epidemiological Research (WONDER), Multiple Cause of Death files [Data file]. Retrieved from http://wonder.cdc.gov/ucd-icd10.html
  4. Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (2019). 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Detailed Tables. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockville, MD. https://www.samhsa.gov/data/report/2018-nsduh-detailed-tables
  5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. (2017). 1991-2017 High School Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data [Data file]. Retrieved from http://nccd.cdc.gov/youthonline/ ​

PowerPoint Icon Image The charts and graphs in this section are also available as a PowerPoint slide set. Feel free to use this slide set to deliver a presentation about the scope of the suicide problem.